Fighting Poverty - Special English Audiobook

     Fighting Poverty

Fighting Poverty

  Thank you for joining us for today's Spotlight program.
   Thank you for joining us for today's Spotlight program.
  I'm Liz Waid.
   I'm Liz Waid.
  And I'm Rebekah Schipper.
   And I'm Rebekah Schipper.
  Spotlight uses a special English method of broadcasting.
   Spotlight uses a special English method of broadcasting.
  It is easier for people to understand,
   It is easier for people to understand,
  no matter where in the world they live.
   no matter where in the world they live.
  We are not building toilets,
   We are not building toilets,
  we are building self-respect.
   we are building self-respect.
  The saying you just heard
   The saying you just heard
  was from Joe Madiath.
   was from Joe Madiath.
  He started a toilet project
   He started a toilet project
  in a poor community
   in a poor community
  near the Bay of Bengal.
   near the Bay of Bengal.
  He found a creative way
   He found a creative way
  to fight poverty.
   to fight poverty.
  Today's Spotlight
   Today's Spotlight
  is on the creative ways
   is on the creative ways
  that individuals are fighting poverty
   that individuals are fighting poverty
  and building self-respect.
   and building self-respect.
  In September 2003,
   In September 2003,
  the World Trade Organization met in Cancun,
   the World Trade Organization met in Cancun,
  Mexico.
   Mexico.
  The World Trade Organization,
   The World Trade Organization,
  or the WTO,
   or the WTO,
  is a group made up of people
   is a group made up of people
  from all over the world.
   from all over the world.
  The WTO is the major international group
   The WTO is the major international group
  that deals with the rules of trade
   that deals with the rules of trade
  between the countries of the world.
   between the countries of the world.
  The WTO believes
   The WTO believes
  that having rules of trade are important.
   that having rules of trade are important.
  It thinks that the rules
   It thinks that the rules
  are important to encourage peace
   are important to encourage peace
  between countries.
   between countries.
  The group believes
   The group believes
  that the rules of trade
   that the rules of trade
  give choices to people.
   give choices to people.
  Trade lets people choose
   Trade lets people choose
  to buy different products
   to buy different products
  and materials from all over the world.
   and materials from all over the world.
  The WTO believes
   The WTO believes
  that the rules of trade
   that the rules of trade
  can improve peoples' lives.
   can improve peoples' lives.
  But many people do not like the WTO.
   But many people do not like the WTO.
  These people believe
   These people believe
  that the WTO does not make fair trading rules.
   that the WTO does not make fair trading rules.
  In fact,
   In fact,
  they believe
   they believe
  that the WTO's rules of trade
   that the WTO's rules of trade
  keep many people poor.
   keep many people poor.
  They think that the WTO's rules
   They think that the WTO's rules
  only make rich countries richer
   only make rich countries richer
  and poor countries even poorer.
   and poor countries even poorer.
  They want the WTO to make new trade rules
   They want the WTO to make new trade rules
  that protect poor people.
   that protect poor people.
  Each time that the WTO meets,
   Each time that the WTO meets,
  these people
   these people
  gather outside of the meeting building.
   gather outside of the meeting building.
  They protest against the WTO.
   They protest against the WTO.
  They carry signs
   They carry signs
  and try to interfere with its meetings.
   and try to interfere with its meetings.
  The WTO meets about every two years.
   The WTO meets about every two years.
  And every time they meet,
   And every time they meet,
  people protest.
   people protest.
  Both groups
   Both groups
  are trying to help end poverty.
   are trying to help end poverty.
  But,
   But,
  while they meet and protest,
   while they meet and protest,
  poor people continue to live in poverty.
   poor people continue to live in poverty.
  In fact, many poor people
   In fact, many poor people
  do not even know what the WTO is.
   do not even know what the WTO is.
  They do not know that people protest
   They do not know that people protest
  against the WTO.
   against the WTO.
  But poor people are trying to find
   But poor people are trying to find
  creative ways to fight poverty too.
   creative ways to fight poverty too.
  They are trying to think of new ways
   They are trying to think of new ways
  to make life in their own communities better.
   to make life in their own communities better.
  They are trying to end the poverty
   They are trying to end the poverty
  that they must deal with every day.
   that they must deal with every day.
  And, many of them are succeeding!
   And, many of them are succeeding!
  For example,
   For example,
  Joe Madiath lives in the Indian state of Orissa.
   Joe Madiath lives in the Indian state of Orissa.
  He leads a development program
   He leads a development program
  for a rural, farming community
   for a rural, farming community
  outside of the city.
   outside of the city.
  This community lies along the Bay of Bengal.
   This community lies along the Bay of Bengal.
  This is a very poor area of the world.
   This is a very poor area of the world.
  In fact, forty percent [40%] of the people
   In fact, forty percent [40%] of the people
  in this area
   in this area
  live below the poverty line.
   live below the poverty line.
  They do not have enough money to live.
   They do not have enough money to live.
  Many people in this community
   Many people in this community
  have stopped farming.
   have stopped farming.
  They have moved to cities.
   They have moved to cities.
  They are looking for a better life there.
   They are looking for a better life there.
  But often
   But often
  they only find a more difficult life in the city.
   they only find a more difficult life in the city.
  Joe Madiath wants to keep people on their land.
   Joe Madiath wants to keep people on their land.
  He wants to improve their lives
   He wants to improve their lives
  so they will continue to farm.
   so they will continue to farm.
  And, he believes
   And, he believes
  he has a good way to do this.
   he has a good way to do this.
  He says,
   He says,
  To keep people on the land,
   To keep people on the land,
  you must improve their health.
   you must improve their health.
  To improve their health
   To improve their health
  you must improve their water supply.
   you must improve their water supply.
  To improve the water supply
   To improve the water supply
  you must improve their waste removal system.
   you must improve their waste removal system.
  And to do all of that
   And to do all of that
  you must build toilets!
   you must build toilets!
  That's right!
   That's right!
  Joe Madiath has already built toilets
   Joe Madiath has already built toilets
  for about twelve thousand [12,000] families
   for about twelve thousand [12,000] families
  in one hundred twenty [120] villages.
   in one hundred twenty [120] villages.
  His goal is to build one hundred thousand [100,000] toilets
   His goal is to build one hundred thousand [100,000] toilets
  for one thousand [1000] villages
   for one thousand [1000] villages
  by the year 2010.
   by the year 2010.
  Toilets help keep human waste away from water
   Toilets help keep human waste away from water
  and food supplies.
   and food supplies.
  They are important to keep people healthy.
   They are important to keep people healthy.
  Healthy people are better able to succeed
   Healthy people are better able to succeed
  in this world.
   in this world.
  Joe's toilet project is a success.
   Joe's toilet project is a success.
  Not one family has moved to the city
   Not one family has moved to the city
  since Joe started his toilet project.
   since Joe started his toilet project.
  People are healthier.
   People are healthier.
  And people have gained self-respect
   And people have gained self-respect
  by helping to pay for their own toilet.
   by helping to pay for their own toilet.
  Joe asks that each family
   Joe asks that each family
  gives twenty dollars to help pay
   gives twenty dollars to help pay
  for their own toilet.
   for their own toilet.
  Nobody is left out.
   Nobody is left out.
  Everyone may receive a toilet.
   Everyone may receive a toilet.
  Here is another example.
   Here is another example.
  Ismael Ferreira lives in northern Brazil
   Ismael Ferreira lives in northern Brazil
  where the land is very dry.
   where the land is very dry.
  He has also found a creative way
   He has also found a creative way
  to fight poverty in his community.
   to fight poverty in his community.
  Only one kind of plant
   Only one kind of plant
  can grow well there.
   can grow well there.
  The plant is called the sisal.
   The plant is called the sisal.
  The sisal's fibres can make rope or thread.
   The sisal's fibres can make rope or thread.
  But people could not make enough money
   But people could not make enough money
  to survive by making just rope.
   to survive by making just rope.
  So, Ismael had the idea
   So, Ismael had the idea
  to weave the sisal's fibres into carpet.
   to weave the sisal's fibres into carpet.
  Then he sells it.
   Then he sells it.
  All over the world
   All over the world
  people buy this carpet
   people buy this carpet
  to put on the floors of their homes.
   to put on the floors of their homes.
  Ismael now leads a business
   Ismael now leads a business
  that makes seven million dollars [$7,000,000] a year.
   that makes seven million dollars [$7,000,000] a year.
  He has given six hundred
   He has given six hundred
  and fifty [650] families jobs.
   and fifty [650] families jobs.
  He proved
   He proved
  that people could continue to live in northern Brazil.
   that people could continue to live in northern Brazil.
  Finally,
   Finally,
  Gisele Yitamben found a creative way
   Gisele Yitamben found a creative way
  to help women in Cameroon.
   to help women in Cameroon.
  Gisele found that women in Cameroon
   Gisele found that women in Cameroon
  were often among the poorest of the poor.
   were often among the poorest of the poor.
  Banks would not give women loans
   Banks would not give women loans
  to start their own small businesses.
   to start their own small businesses.
  So, Gisele opened a resource centre for women.
   So, Gisele opened a resource centre for women.
  She helps loan money to the women.
   She helps loan money to the women.
  Then, the women can start a small business.
   Then, the women can start a small business.
  Soon, the women are able to pay back the loan.
   Soon, the women are able to pay back the loan.
  Gisele has helped more than five thousand [5000] women.
   Gisele has helped more than five thousand [5000] women.
  Together, they are fighting
   Together, they are fighting
  against
   against
  women's poverty.
   women's poverty.
  World poverty is a very big problem.
   World poverty is a very big problem.
  It is something that everyone must care about.
   It is something that everyone must care about.
  Because,
   Because,
  that is the only way
   that is the only way
  that poverty can end.
   that poverty can end.
  The WTO will continue to meet.
   The WTO will continue to meet.
  The group will continue to come up
   The group will continue to come up
  with new rules of trade.
   with new rules of trade.
  And people who do not like the WTO
   And people who do not like the WTO
  will continue to protest.
   will continue to protest.
  Both groups say
   Both groups say
  they want to fight poverty.
   they want to fight poverty.
  But, sometimes the answer to a big problem
   But, sometimes the answer to a big problem
  takes individual ideas.
   takes individual ideas.
  Sometimes it only takes one person
   Sometimes it only takes one person
  to make a difference.
   to make a difference.
  Sometimes,
   Sometimes,
  the answer to a big problem
   the answer to a big problem
  simply takes a little more creativity.
   simply takes a little more creativity.
  The writer of today's program
   The writer of today's program
  was Rebekah Schipper.
   was Rebekah Schipper.
  The voices you heard
   The voices you heard
  were from the United States.
   were from the United States.
  Computer users can hear these programs,
   Computer users can hear these programs,
  read our scripts,
   read our scripts,
  and see our wordbook on our website at
   and see our wordbook on our website at
  www.radio.English.net.
   www.radio.English.net.
  This program is called
   This program is called
  'Fighting Poverty with Creativity'.
   'Fighting Poverty with Creativity'.
  We love to hear comments
   We love to hear comments
  and questions from our listeners.
   and questions from our listeners.
  You can email us.
   You can email us.
  Our email address is radio @ English . net.
   Our email address is radio @ English . net.
  We hope you can join us again next time
   We hope you can join us again next time


 

 

cron